Int J Oral Implantol 9 (2016), Supplement 1 16. June 2016
Aim: To systematically scrutinise the scientific literature to evaluate the accuracy of computer-guided implant placement for single missing teeth, as well as to analyse the eventual clinical advantages and treatment outcomes.
Material and methods: The electronic and manual literature search of clinical studies published from January 2002 up to November 2015 was carried out using specified indexing terms. Outcomes were accuracy; implant and prosthetic failures; biological and mechanical complications; marginal bone loss (MBL); sulcus bleeding index (SBI); plaque score (PS); pink esthetic score [PES]; aesthetic and clinical outcomes.
Results: The search yielded 1027 relevant titles and abstracts, found during the electronic (n = 1020) and manual (n = 7) searches. After data extraction, and screening of titles, abstracts, and full-texts, 32 studies fulfilled inclusion criteria and were included in the critical review: two randomised controlled clinical trials, six prospective observational single cohort studies, one retrospective observational study, three in vitro comparative studies, 10 case reports and 10 systematic reviews. A total of 209 patients (18 to 67 years old) were treated with 342 implants using computer-guided implant surgery. The follow-up ranged from 12 to 52 months. The cumulative survival rate ranged from 96.5% to 100%. Eleven implant planning softwares and guided surgery systems were used and evaluated.
Conclusions: Computer-guided surgery for single missing teeth provides comprehensive treatment planning, reliable implant positioning, favourable clinical outcomes and aesthetics. A tooth-supported template for the treatment of single missing teeth results in greater accuracy of implant positioning than with mucosa-supported or bone-supported templates. The limited scientific evidence available suggests that guided surgery leads to implant survival rates as good as conventional freehand protocols. Computer-guided surgery implies additional costs, that should be analysed in terms of cost-effectiveness, considering the reduction of surgery time, postoperative pain and swelling, as well as, the potential increased accuracy. Long-term randomised clinical trials are eagerly needed to investigate the clinical performance of guided surgery in partially edentate patients.
Keywords: computer-assisted surgery, computer guided surgery, single-tooth implant