Int J Oral Implantol 8 (2015), No. 1 9. Mar. 2015
Int J Oral Implantol 8 (2015), No. 1 (09.03.2015)
Page 51-63, PubMed:25738179
Immediate loading with a novel implant featured by variable-threaded geometry, internal conical connection and platform shifting: Three-year results from a prospective cohort study
Pozzi, Alessandro / Tallarico, Marco / Moy, Peter K.
Purpose: To evaluate the clinical and radiological performance of an immediately loaded novel implant design over a 3-year period.
Materials and methods: This prospective study includes 54 consecutive partially edentulous patients treated between December 2010 and October 2011. Outcome measures were: implant and prosthetic failures; biological and mechanical complications; marginal bone loss (MBL); sulcus bleeding index (SBI); and plaque score (PS).
Results: A total of 118 (29 narrow platform, 70 regular platform and 19 wide platform) NobelReplace Conical Connection implants were placed in both post-extraction sockets and healed sites and immediately loaded. The mean insertion torque was 63.4 ± 7.1 Ncm. One hundred out of 118 implants (84.7%) were inserted with a torque ranging between 55 and 70 Ncm. Each patient received a single prosthesis. At the 3-year follow-up, no patient dropped out and only two post-extractive implants failed (1.7%) in two patients (3.7%). The only complication (1.9%) observed was an event of periimplantitis, consisting of a mean mesiodistal peri-implant bone loss of 3.2 mm reported in a healed site of a smoker patient at the 2-year follow-up examination. No prosthesis failures were detected. The cumulative mean MBL between implant placements at the 3-year follow-up was 0.68 mm (95% CI: 0.44, 0.92). At the 3-year follow-up session, the SBI and PS were 5.7% and 15.4%, respectively.
Conclusions: The NobelReplace Conical Connection implant can be considered as a valuable treatment option for immediate implant placement and loading in the partially edentulous patients over a 3-year period. Insertion torques ranging between 55 and 70 Ncm are not detrimental to osseointegration.
Keywords: conical connection, dental implant, immediate loading, platform switching, postextractive