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International Journal of Oral Implantology



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Int J Oral Implantol (Berl) 5 (2012), No. 3     19. Sep. 2012
Int J Oral Implantol (Berl) 5 (2012), No. 3  (19.09.2012)

Page 241-249, PubMed:23000708

Safety and effectiveness of maxillary early loaded titanium implants with a novel nanostructured calcium-incorporated surface (Xpeed): 1-year results from a pilot multicenter randomised controlled trial
Esposito, Marco / Grusovin, Maria Gabriella / Pellegrino, Gerardo / Soardi, Elisa / Felice, Pietro
Purpose: To evaluate clinical safety and effectiveness of a novel calcium-incorporated titanium implant (Xpeed, MegaGen Implant Co. Limited, Gyeongbuk, South Korea).
Materials and methods: Sixty patients were randomised to receive either 1 to 6 calcium-incorporated or control titanium implants in the maxilla according to a parallel group design at 2 different centres. Implants were submerged and exposed at 3 different endpoints in equal groups of 20 patients each at 12, 10 and 8 weeks, respectively. Within 2 weeks, implants were functionally loaded with provisional or definitive prostheses. Outcome measures were prosthesis failures, implant failures, any complications and peri-implant marginal bone level changes.
Results: Thirty patients received 45 calcium-incorporated implants and 30 patients received 42 control titanium implants. One year after loading, no drop-outs and no prosthesis or implant failures occurred. There were no statistically significant differences between groups for complications (P = 0.61; difference in proportions = -0.27; 95% CI -0.71 to 0.18) and mean marginal bone level changes (P = 0.64; mean difference -0.04 mm; 95% CI -0.22 to 0.13).
Conclusions: Nanostructured calcium-incorporated titanium implants seem to be at least as effective and safe as conventional titanium implants.

Keywords: calcium-incorporated titanium, early loading, randomised controlled trial, surface modification