European Journal of Oral Implantology



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Eur J Oral Implantol 8 (2015), No. 4     7. Dec. 2015
Eur J Oral Implantol 8 (2015), No. 4  (07.12.2015)

Page 387-396, PubMed:26669548

Immediately loaded machined versus rough surface dental implants in edentulous jaws: One-year postloading results of a pilot randomised controlled trial
Esposito, Marco / Felice, Pietro / Barausse, Carlo / Pistilli, Roberto / Grandi, Giovanni / Simion, Massimo
Purpose: To compare the effectiveness of immediately loaded total prostheses supported by implants with a roughened surface versus implants with a machined/turned surface.
Materials and methods: Fifty edentulous or to-be-rendered edentulous patients requiring an implant-supported cross-arch prosthesis, were randomised either to receive four to eight implants with a roughened surface (25 patients) or with a machined/turned surface (25 patients). Provisional metal-reinforced acrylic prostheses were delivered 48 h after implant placement. Provisional prostheses were replaced after 4 months, by definitive screw-retained metal-resin cross-arch restorations. Outcome measures were prosthesis and implant failures, any complications and peri-implant marginal bone level changes. Patients were followed 1 year after loading.
Results: One year after loading no patient dropped out. No prosthesis failed, but two machined implants were found to be mobile at definitive impression taking in 1 patient (Fisher's exact test: P = 0.312; difference in proportions = 4%; 95% Cl: -10 to 18). No complications occurred. Both groups presented a significant peri-implant marginal bone loss at 1 year after loading (P < 0.0001), -0.64 ± 0.20 mm for rough implants and -0.68 ± 0.23 mm for turned implants, respectively, with no statistically significant differences between the two groups (P = 0.482; mean difference = 0.04 mm; 95% Cl: -0.17 to 0.25).
Conclusions: Up to 1 year after immediate loading, both implant surfaces provided good and similar results, however, the only two implants which failed early in the same patient had a machined surface. These preliminary results must be confirmed by larger trials with longer follow-ups.

Keywords: full edentulism, immediately loaded machined dental implants, roughened dental implants
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